Importance and types of Groundwater Remediation

Clean, contamination free water is not a luxury, rather it is a necessarily to live a health life. In many places of the world, there is reliance on underground water instead of open air resources like rivers, ponds, lakes, etc. Contamination is not something that can be observed with naked eye that is why groundwater remediation techniques need to applied to ensure the water being used is Groundwatersafe for human consumption. Human beings for some strange reasons are doing things throughout the course of history to destroy their only mean of survival, the mother earth. Groundwater is also not prevented from this misfortune, as artificial fertilizers used to increase per acre productivity of agricultural lands and industrial waste are increasing the nitro and other harmful substances levels to dangerous levels. Water polluted by these harmful substances can cause several health hazards, most notably hepatitis and in worst cases can cause death. So, groundwater remediation is not just a fancy trick to clean water for riches, it can be expressed as a basic necessity of all mankind.

Water remediation is not something optional; rather it is an important activity that ensures the balance of nature (ecological system) remains intact. Furthermore, in the longer run, to ensure the land remain fertile and conducive to agricultural growth it is necessary to keep underground water levels in check and the water needs to be contamination free. Lately, a lot of efforts is being done across the globe to preserve and clean the groundwater across the globe by governments and private sectors concerned companies. There are more than one ways to perform groundwater remediation and soil treatment, mainly classified under chemical, biological and physical methods. Salient groundwater remediation techniques are provided below:

Among the most common groundwater remediation technique is Air Stripping treatment. In this treatment, the groundwater is pumped up in the tank and there onward different filters are applied on the collected water to remove harmful chemicals from the water.

Another groundwater remediation technique used very frequently is called Bioremediation cleanup. In this economical method microbes are inserted in the water body, these microscopic creatures enhance the soil’s ability to consume bacteria responsible for water contamination.

There are several other methods to get rid of water contamination like Oxygen release technique, rain garden to name a few. There are specialized companies that conduct the tests on soil and propose the best solution according to the budget and environmental constraints.